In What States Is CBD Oil Legal?
Posted on May 21st, 2021
Researchers have identified more than 400 chemical compounds in the Cannabis sativa plant so far. Each one of them falls into various groups, various categories based on their properties. One of the groups of these compounds goes by the name of cannabinoids. So far, researchers discovered between 80 to 100 different types of cannabinoids among more than 400 compounds. The rest of these compounds fall into various groups, including terpenes. Two of the most popular cannabinoids known are CBD and THC.
What Are Cannabinoids?
To understand the reason behind the naming of certain compounds in this plant as cannabinoids, you first need to understand the Endocannabinoid System. Think of it as a network of outlets throughout the body passing through much of the central nervous system. This system is capable of bonding with certain types of chemicals. The chemicals that can bond with the endocannabinoid system are cannabinoids. The ‘sites’ into which cannabinoids plugin are what we know as cannabinoid receptors. Once the bonding happens, these receptors activate an action that will lead to various different things. This is why CBD use may yield pain management, mood, and appetite influencing effects, among other things.
In short, all the chemicals capable of fitting into cannabinoid receptors are what we call cannabinoids. Cannabinoids subdivide into endogenous cannabinoids, which our bodies produce on their own, plant-based like CBD and THC, as well as synthetic.
What is CBD?
As explained earlier, the cannabis Sativa plant contains a lot of chemical compounds, and around 100 of them are cannabinoids. Two of the most popular cannabinoids are CBD and THC. CBD is short for cannabidiol. It offers a variety of potential health benefits, including:
- Relief from pain.
- Relief from anxiety.
- Reducing seizure symptoms.
- Improvement in sleep quality.
- Improvement in cognitive health
CBD does not have any psychoactive properties. In simple terms, cannabidiol is not going to get you high. The psychoactive effect associated with cannabinoids is due to THC and THC alone.
Effects of CBD
A lot of research is still ongoing to properly establish the benefits associated with CBD. However, there is a lot of anecdotal evidence to stand by the supposed therapeutic properties of CBD. This is why many people use a variety of CBD products for various reasons such as:
- Reducing nausea and vomiting.
- Suppressing seizure activity and its so effective at that that the FDA already approved a CBD-based drug.
- Providing relief from anxiety and depression.
- Providing relief from symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders.
- Obtain temporary relief from inflammatory disorders.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD works by pairing with the cannabinoid receptors in the human body. These receptors are in various places of the body, including the central nervous system, skin, spinal cord, and brain. CBD binds with two crucial receptors in the endocannabinoid system. These receptors are CB1 and CB2. When CBD binds with these receptors, it triggers certain actions, and these are the actions responsible for the health benefits of CBD.
The endocannabinoid system in the body is responsible for regulating a variety of biological and physiological processes, including:
- Inflammation and pain management.
When CBD triggers the endocannabinoid system, the system sends signals to the brain that may provide relief from:
- Inflammation and various other such problems.
Where Does CBD Come From?
CBD can come from both marijuana and hemp plants. In fact, both these are part of the same genus of plants. Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa species, whereas marijuana belongs to the Cannabis indica species. CBD is present in both marijuana and hemp, but all the CBD products you see in the market come from hemp. Manufacturers prefer hemp due to it having very low THC content in comparison to marijuana.
So, in what states is CBD oil legal? In order for any CBD product to be legal, it should not hold more than 0.3% of THC. If the concentration of THC is more than 0.3%, it cannot be legally sold as a CBD product in most places. However, not every seller out there pays attention to this classification, and this is why you need to be careful when choosing your online vendor for buying CBD products.
What Is the Difference Between Cannabis and Marijuana?
There are a lot of terms floating around in the CBD industry, and it can get really confusing. People who haven’t taken the time to understand the difference between the various terms are in for a confusing ride. For instance, many people don’t really understand the difference between cannabis and marijuana and think of these as interchangeable.
In short, cannabis is the genus of flowering plants. The said genus has more than 150 plant species, including Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and others.
Cannabis as a genus contains hemp as well as marijuana. In short, marijuana is a type of cannabis, and so is hemp.
Is hemp the same as marijuana?
Even though both hemp and marijuana belong to the same plant genus, they are completely different plant species. The major difference between these two plant species is that marijuana is the only species that contains very high levels of THC. THC is, let us not forget, the cannabinoid responsible for the psychoactive effect. Hemp contains a variety of beneficial cannabinoids, including CBD, but it holds only a negligible amount of THC in it. As per federal regulations, any plant containing more than 0.3% THC is the same as marijuana, and so are their derivates.
Can CBD Get You High?
CBD does not have any psychoactive properties, which means it will never get you high. In fact, CBD can actually soften the psychoactive effects of THC somewhat. For instance, many people use it to get relief from the drowsiness brought on by THC consumption.
In What States Is CBD Oil Legal? – Why Was CBD Illegal?
Before we get into in what states is CBD oil legal, lets remember that it was not so long ago that CBD was still illegal throughout the country, even though there was a time. Even though back then, researchers already knew which cannabinoid was psychoactive and which was not, law enforcement lumped all cannabis together all the same. Things turned around as of 2018, and the legal status of CBD changed for the better. However, there is a very interesting story behind it being declared illegal.
As you probably know, people mostly know marijuana for its psychoactive effects, and that is due to the presence of much THC in it. Marijuana contains a lot of THC, but it also contains very good amounts of CBD. Since regulators wanted to ban marijuana for its psychoactive effects, they also banned CBD. Also, they failed at making a legal distinction between marijuana and hemp even though the latter had little THC and, thus, no psychoactivity. This is the reason why CBD was illegal for so long; law enforcement did not care about differentiating between hemp and marijuana.
Farm Bill 2014
This is the legislation that set the ball rolling for the eventual legalization of CBD. This bill from the Obama administration defined a legal framework that recognized the difference between hemp and marijuana. The bill also allowed selected people in all 50 states to cultivate industrial hemp as part of pilot programs for research purposes. However, cultivators needed to register in the program in order to be lawfully allowed to grow it. No permission from DEA was required, but the cultivators needed to meet the agriculture requirements set forth by their respective state departments.
Farm Bill 2018
This was the legislation that ensured hemp would become an agricultural commodity in most ways. This bill allows the cultivation of hemp broadly and not just in pilot programs like was the case with Farm Bill 2014. Also, this bill allows transportation of hemp-derived products across state lines for various purposes, including commercial purposes.
There are no restrictions on the transportation or sale of hemp-derived products as long as manufacturers produced them in a manner consistent with the law. There are certain restrictions, including such as that the hemp plant cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. Also, there is significant regulatory power shared between state and federal agencies over the cultivation and production of hemp. Thus, it is thanks to hsi bill that CBD oil became federally legal. Now, lets just finally answer the question: in what states is CBD oil legal?
In What States Is CBD Oil Legal Today?
There is no denying that there is a lot of confusion regarding the legality of CBD across all the states. If you want a short answer, you should know that hemp is considered federally legal in all 50 states. This also means that CBD products are also legal in all 50 states. However, it would be wrong to say that it is completely legal in all forms in all the states. CBD cannot be used as a dietary supplement for commerce between interstate lines, and CBD also can’t be added to food.
One of the reasons CBD isn’t completely legal everywhere is that states have the authority to give legal status to CBD. And not all states have completely embraced CBD as of 2021. This is why it is important for you to check the legality of CBD in your state to make sure that it is completely legal.
- New Hampshire
- New York
- North Carolina
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- West Virginia
- West Virginia
The measure in which CBD oil is legal in these states varies. Thus, you will need to research in which capacity CBD is legal there, whether it is fully legal, recreationally legal, or only medically legal. Do your homework in order to not run afoul with the law.
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